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29 de des. 2018

Statement by the four hunger strikers (20 Dec 2018)

Here is an English translation (by M.S.) of the Declaration made by the four Catalan political prisoners on ending their 20-day hunger strike, after achieving their aim: for the Constitutional Court to finally consider the violations of their fundamental rights.
Click here if need be to read the whole post, if need be

28 de des. 2018

"This simply isn't fair" by Jofre Llombart (27/12/2018)

Jofre Llombart has made a scathing editorial comment on RAC1 Radio, "No hi ha dret", in which the lax treatment of confessed and condemned rapists (among them a policeman and a soldier) contrasts starkly with the Spanish courts' harsh violation of fundamental rights with regard to a dozen political and social leaders facing a show trial in January for having organised the self-determination referendum on October 1 2017. English translation by M.S. (I hope the author doesn't mind)
Click here if need be.

18 de des. 2018

A scathing criticism by Jaume Sastre of the Catalan Government

A scathing criticism by Jaume Sastre of the Government that did not have the guts to declare independence as soon as the fabulous official results of the self-determination referendum were announced. English translation by M.S.
Click here if need be.

Public Prosecutor warns CDRs

On 2 April 2018 the public prosecutor's office of the National Court (Madrid) issued the following communiqué, which has been put into circulation again in the social networks in recent days. The English rendering is by M.S. Note that no court in Europe has seen any shred of evidence of rebellion or sedition!

Click here if need be.

16 de des. 2018

Interview with defence lawyer Jaume Alonso-Cuevillas

English translation (by M.S.) of an interview with defence lawyer Jaume Alonso-Cuevillas: 'This is utterly ludicrous'
Click here if need be

Constitutional Court judgment affecting 15 Catalan laws

The Constitutional Court has declared unconstitutional and therefore null and void a July 2018 motion adopted by the Parliament of Catalonia, reinstating the legality of all the articles of 15 laws, nearly all of a social nature, annulled by the Court as not being within the powers of the Catalan institutions. These are unofficial English translations (by M.S.).
Click here if need be

Judge Ramírez Sunyer withdraws charges of rebellion and sedition against Catalans (OCT 2018)

Judge Ramírez Sunyer withdraws charges of rebellion, sedition, etc. against forty Catalans involved in the self-determination referendum of October 1 2017. (8 OCT 2018) English translation (by M.S.)
Click here if need be

Interview with defence lawyer Gonzalo Boye

English translation (by M.S.) of an interview with defence lawyer Gonzalo Boye, who analyzes the charges laid by the Spanish prosecutor's office and the State's lawyer.
Click here if need be
Original: https://www.vilaweb.cat/noticies/gonzalo-boye-lescrit-de-la-fiscalia-es-guerracivilista/

Gonzalo Boye: 'The prosecutor's indictment was written in civil war mode'


The lawyer analyzes the accusation indictments of the Spanish prosecutor's office and the State Lawyer in this interview
By: Josep Rexach Fumanya
 02.11.2018 21:50

The prosecution indictments of the Spanish public prosecutor's office and the State Legal Office against the political leaders of the independence movement once again stirred up public opinion yesterday, and not only on the pro-independence side. This level of outrage will surely not be felt again until the verdicts, in a few months' time. "I got angrier by the page," says lawyer Gonzalo Boye on the phone, after reading the texts. They are the confirmation of what he had already ventured months ago, but he is angry all the same. The lawyer coordinating the defence of the politicians in exile believes that, in the trial, the lawyers 'will have to pull all the stops out' and focus on showing that Spain has violated the political prisoners' rights. Why? Because he is sure that the sentences will be very tough and so they need to think about Strasbourg from the start.

"Did you honestly expect such harsh charges?"

"Yes. In fact, at the beginning of August, I told the prisoners that there would be 25 years' prison sentences. I think it is more logical to tell the people what they have to be prepared for and what tbey have to face up to."

"How can defence counsels prepare their request for acquittal in a trial where they face charges of 25 years in prison?"

"There can be two strategies: to defend the defendants and to argue that what the defendants have done is not a crime."

"And you would opt for the second one."

"Yes. The fundamental question is not if there was more or less violence, if this guy or that was the boss, but to defend that calling a referendum and going out into the street to demonstrate and to try to attain independence are not crimes. It is a democratic exercise, the right of association, the right of demonstration and the right of freedom of expression. This has to be defended. If not, you slip into their narrative. The strategies are compatible, but they have to be developed. It is not the same to go to Strasbourg proposing deliberations on fundamental rights such as the right of defence or the right of the presumption of innocence, than to go to Strasbourg and say that these guarantees have been violated because prior to that civil rights, that also are fundamental, have been violated, such as the right of demonstration, of association and of not being a victim of the arbitrariness of the State. All these rights are much more attractive in Strasbourg than the violation of procedural rights."

"You are already speaking of appealing the sentences before the European Court of Human Rights. Do you envisage very tough convictions?"

"Well of course! I expect a very harsh verdict. And we have to pull out all the stops at the trial. We mustn't go there with misgivings."

"Legally, what does "pulling out all the stops" mean?"

"That every full stop and every comma, not only of the indictment charges, but of all that is to come, has to be challenged. A tough battle has to be waged, so that fundamental things, such as the fact that these deeds outside of Spain are not crimes, get accreditted."

"Is a joint defence fundamental?"

"I think that a coordinated defence has to be prepared, rather than a joint one. Let each counsel address part of the procedure, part of the legal issues and part of the debate. Other than the case of Santi Vila, all the defences are perfectly compatible. But one thing is for them to be compatible and another is for them to be uniform, because if they are uniform, you get a uniform reply."

"What sort of trial do you expect, bearing in mind who the judges will be?"

"They are judges that have not tried for many years. The Supreme Court is not a court of law, but of appeal. So it will have to speed up the trial a lot, and obviously, they will assail the defence lawyers. No, it will not be an easy trial."

"Do you think these judges might take on board even Vox's requests for the penalties that they may make in the conclusions of the trial? Or is that unthinkable?"

"We would have to ask senyor Joaquim Forn that. I say this ironically. But judge Llarena drew on Vox's request so as not to let him free. Senyor Forn is behind bars solely because Vox asked for it. In this trial, I would expect anything, and nothing good."

"Why you think the State's lawyers have accused them of sedition, if they became a party to the case on the grounds of misuse of public funds?"

"The State's lawyers have had a variable posture. They became a party on grounds of misuse of public funds, on August 8 they asked for the trial to be opened on charges of rebellion, misuse of public funds and contempt of court, and now they have charged them with sedition and misuse of public funds. For me, to go for the sedition issue is a procedural and especially legal stupidity, because the crime of sedition, by definition, is hardly democratic. But the terms in which it is described in the criminal code are very ambiguous, everything fits into it. That is to say, in Spain something called the free assessment of the evidence governs. I exhibit a piece of evidence and say that it is white, and the judge says it is grey. It is his/her free assessment, it isn't invented. He or she says it's grey. And so, as the piece of evidence is grey, they charge you with sedition. In the case of rebellion, the criminal code has some requirements that cannot perhaps be fulfilled with the free assessment of the evidence. So sedition is the trap-crime. And besides, it bears with it very high penalties. Up to fifteen years. Of course, when one is facing 25 years, fifteen seems a gift, but fifteen's fifteen, eh? A decade and a half!"

"Speaking of evidence, in the public prosecutor and the State lawyers' indictments, no misuse of public funds is shown. Is it normal for this to happen? That is to say, to push charges for crimes that cannot be shown?"

"It is not that the misuse of public funds is not backed up with evidence, it is the very State lawyers' indictment that says that the quantity misused is still unclear. But heck: if the quantity misused is not clear, what the hell are they talking about? It's as if they told you that it isn't clear whether a particular person has killed someone, but as that person isn't around, it means they are dead, so I charge you with murder."

"But without a body there is no crime."

"Yes, but as it isn't clear, we will put them on trial in any case. This is what they are doing."

"If there is no evidence, the offence of misuse of public finds will drop during the trial."

"It is an offence that may drop, we shall see. The indictment is already there, so the criterion of the Court will play an important role. In Spain, and in other legal frameworks, there exists the concept of ‘clues'. That is to say, I have no evidence of the deed, but from this clue and from that one, I deduce that the deed has taken place."

"How do you analyse the end of the investigation and the indictment text written by the Spanish government's authorities - the public prosecutor and the State's lawyers - since the PSOE reached the Government?"

"I would detach one thing from the other. At this moment in time, the Supreme Court public prosecution is not controlled by the government; what's more, they are not even controlled by the prosecutor-general. They do their own thing, this text is written in civil war mode."

"Beyond the prisoners' situation, what is at stake in this trial?"

"In this trial the freedom of expression, the freedom of assembly, the freedom of demonstration and the right of self-determination, not only of the Catalans, but of the Spanish, will be at stake. For here1 a precedent will be established that will be thrust in our face when we meet at the next corner. The message in this trial is very clear: the Head of State and the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation are unbroachable."

"To conclude, are you prepared for new EAWs*?"

"Yes, we have always said so. And we are ready for them. Let them come whenever they like."


 * EAW = European Arrest Warrant
...ooo000ooo...

See also: Interview with defence lawyer Jaume Alonso-Cuevillas. 2 Nov 2018.
https://estudiscatalans.blogspot.com/2018/12/alonsocuevillas.html

Also by Gonzalo Boye: 
https://estudiscatalans.blogspot.com/2019/03/watch-out-here-comes-europe-by-gonzalo.html

The Carrasco case: not terrorism, just public disorders!

Two Catalans were arrested as suspects of terrorism - Yes, terrorism! - months ago. One fled into exile and is in Belgium. The other is confined to her home town, Viladecans. The National Court, months later, says that they might, at most, be accused of public disorders, and dumps the case on an unspecified court in Catalonia (English translation by M.S.) ... without raising her confinement.

Click here if need be to read the whole post, if need be 

15 de des. 2018

"The problem of December 21st is not the independence movement", V. Partal

Vicent Partal (VilaWeb) reminds readers that the only violence to date has been by the Spaniush authorities, and asks them not to be fooled by fears of violence on the pro-independence side. The English translation is by M.S.

Click here if need be

"Serenity and firmness" by the 9 political prisoners

Here is an English rendering (by M.S.) of the article jointly signed by the nine Catalan political prisoners, insisting on their innocence and the justness of their cause, and calling for serenity and firmness in the run-up to the Supreme Court political trial. If anyone objects to this version or has a better one, please contact me.

Click here if need be

Motion in Parlament de Catalunya on Electoral Commission indictees (13/12/2018)

The following motion was adopted by the Parlament de Catalunya, with 73 Ayes and 57 Noes. It displays its support for five members of the Electoral Commission set up by law in September 2017 to supervise the 1 October 2017 self-determination referendum, who have recently been indicted by the Spanish authorities.

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National Appeal to ERC

This is an English translation (by M.S.) of the Appeal issued by a group of members of Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, for a re-thinking of the party's current strategy as regards independence.

click here if need be

14 de des. 2018

Jordi Galves: "Cornellà isn’t like Catalonia"

How is it possible to be guilty of a hate crime against a group that does not exist?", asks Milford Edge. The author of the following article, Jordi Galves, faces charges of "hate speech"... believe it or not.
click here if need be

11 de des. 2018

Human Rights Day (communiqué by Catalan Association for Civil Rights)

This post contains an English translation (by MS) of the CATALAN ASSOCIATION FOR CIVIL RIGHTS' communiqué on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (December 11 2018)
Click here if need be

10 de des. 2018

State Legal Service's Indictment of 18 Catalans, 2 November 2018

This post consists of an unofficial English translation of the Spanish State Legal Service's* indictment of two social and sixteen political leaders involved in the bid to allow Catalonia to vote to decide its political future on October 1 2017. The charges were laid on November 2, 2018.
click here if need be

cosidó (to be translated)

Translation into English [pending] of article by Ferrer Molina in "El Español", 19 November 2018.
https://www.elespanol.com/espana/politica/20181119/controlaremos-sala-segunda-cosido-justificando-psoe-cgpj/354214577_0.html
Click here if need be

9 de des. 2018

Open letter by Minister Romeva's father

Here is the text, translated into English by M.S., of the open letter sent by Minister Raül Romeva's father to Elisenda Paluzie (President of the Catalan National Assembly), Marcel Mauri, (Vice-President of Òmnium Cultural) and Josep Maria Carreras (President of the Association of Local Authorities for Independence). 

click here if need be

7 de des. 2018

ELEN GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION on Catalonia

Here is the text of the ELEN GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION on Catalonia, proposed by Plataforma per la Llengua and adopted by the Plenary, 3rd November 2018

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4 de des. 2018

Constitutional Court is blocking appeals

An article published in VilaWeb (English edition) on how Spain's Constitutional Court is preventing European courts from protecting the rights of Catalonia’s political prisoners.

click here if need be

1 de des. 2018

22 de nov. 2018

2005: The day holding a referendum on independence stopped being a crime in Spain

The day holding a referendum on independence stopped being a crime in Spain.

Click here if need be

Article by Quim Torra "Language and the Beasts". False controversy

Anti-Catalan media and even political leaders pounced on an article, written by the President of Catalonia years before he entered the world of polítics, twisting the content to portray him as a racist and a supremacist. Here is an English translation: judge for yourselves!

click here if need be


and

Language and the beasts

"They are here, amongst us. They repudiate any expression of Catalan-ness. It's a sickly phobia"

by Quim Torra 12/19/2012

In my parents' house there was an old copy of a book that all my brothers had read: "About when beasts spoke", by Manuel Folch i Torres. My father was inflexible and, just as Thackeray's The Rose and the Ring and Josep Maria Folch i Torres' Bolavà, held that one could not grow up without having read them. It was a delightful book in which owls, bears, elephants, deer and bumblebees spoke, a collection of fables for children's education. Now when you look at your country you see beasts talking again. But they are of another type. Snakes, vipers, hyenas. Beasts, though, in human form, that those up hatred. A hatred - outraged, nauseated, like copper-green -, against everything that the Catalan language stands for. They are here, amongst us. They repudiate any expression of Catalan-ness. It's a sickly phobia. There is something Freudian about these beasts. Or a small glitch in their DNA chain. Poor individuals! They live in a country of which they know nothing: its culture, its traditions, its history. They deaf and blind to anything that smells Catalan to them. It brings them out in spots. They spurn everything that is not Spanish and in Spanish. They have names and surnames, these beasts do. We all know one. These beasts abound. They live, die and multiply. One of them was responsible the other day for an incident that has not reached Catalonia and deserves to be explained, as an outstanding example of the bestiality of these beings. Poor beasts, it's all they're capable of. One of the few airlines that accepts Catalan with normality is Swiss. If you have taken any of their flights to the ancient Confederation, you will have found how they use our language when it comes to taking off or landing the craft. This is an exception, for unfortunately, the rest of the companies still treat us exactly as what we are, the last colony in Europe. Well, a couple of weeks ago one of these beasts travelled on a Swiss flight. On arriving at the destination, the usual observations prior to the landing were announced in Catalan. The beast, automatically, secreted his angry spittle. The stench of a sewer left his seat. He moved, restless, desperate, horrified at having to hear four words in Catalan. He had no escape. A mucous sweat, like a toad with a cold, dripped down from his armpits. You have to imagine the beast, after such a long time - they can live in their Spanish world without any problems -, listening to four words in a language they hate. Outraged, he decided to write a letter to a German newspaper in Zurich, complaining about the treatment he had received because "his rights were violated" as Spanish was the "first" official language of Spain. And the complaint of the beast was published, splashed across the page. Thank goodness, our good friends of the Casal Català of Zurich  responded and left clear things (so many embassies and Sea Consulates and look, a small Catalan club is the one who has mobilized thanks to the decency and dignity of his members). But why do we have to mobilize each time? When will the beasts' attacks end? How can we endure, in 2008, so much anguish, so much humiliation and contempt?




La llengua i les bèsties
"Són aquí, entre nosaltres. Els repugna qualsevol expressió de catalanitat. És una fòbia malaltissa"

per Quim Torra 19/12/2012

A casa els pares corria un vell exemplar d’un llibre que tots els germans havíem llegit: De quan les bèsties parlaven, d’en Manuel Folch i Torres. El pare era inflexible i, com La rosa i l’anell de Thackeray i en Bolavà de Josep Maria Folch i Torres, considerava que un no podia fer-se gran sense haver-los llegit. Era un llibre deliciós on òlibes, óssos, elefants, cervatons i borinots parlaven, un recull de faules destinades a l’educació dels infants.Ara mires al teu país i tornes a veure parlar les bèsties. Però són d’un altre tipus. Carronyaires, escurçons, hienes. Bèsties amb forma humana, tanmateix, que glopegen odi. Un odi pertorbat, nauseabund, com de dentadura postissa amb verdet, contra tot el que representa la llengua. Són aquí, entre nosaltres. Els repugna qualsevol expressió de catalanitat. És una fòbia malaltissa. Hi ha alguna cosa freudiana en aquestes bèsties. O un petit sotrac en la seva cadena d’ADN. Pobres individus! Viuen en un país del que ho desconeixen tot: la seva cultura, les seves tradicions, la seva història. Es passegen impermeables a qualsevol esdeveniment que representi el fet català. Els crea urticària. Els rebota tot el que no sigui espanyol i en castellà. Tenen nom i cognoms, les bèsties. Tots en coneixem alguna. Abunden, les bèsties. Viuen, moren i es multipliquen. Una d’elles va protagonitzar l’altre dia un incident que no ha arribat a Catalunya i mereix ser explicat, com un exemple extraordinari de la bestialitat d’aquests éssers. Pobres bèsties, no poden fer-hi més. Una de les escasses companyies aèries que vénen acceptant amb normalitat el català és Swiss. Si han agafat algun dels seus vols a la vella Confederació, hauran constatat com es ve emprant la nostra llengua a l’hora d’enlairar-se o aterrar l’aparell. Una excepció, ja que, malauradament, amb la resta de companyies venim essent tractats exactament com el que som, la darrera colònia en terres d’Europa. Doncs bé, fa un parell de setmanes viatjava en un vol de Swiss una d’aquestes bèsties. En arribar al destí, s’anuncià en català les típiques observacions prèvies a l’aterratge. La bèstia, automàticament, segregà la seva salivera rabiosa. Una fortor de cloaca sortia del seu seient. Es removia, inquieta, desesperada, horroritzada per haver de sentir quatre mots en català. No tenia escapatòria. Una suor mucosa, com de gripau refredat, li rajava de les aixelles. Cal imaginar-se-la, a la bèstia, després de tant temps!, elles que poden viure en el seu món espanyol sense cap problema, escoltant quatre mots en una llengua que odia. Indignada, va decidir escriure una carta en un diari alemany de Zuric, queixant-se del tracte rebut ja que "es violaven els seus drets" al ser el castellà la "primera" llengua oficial d'Espanya”. I, a tota plana, la queixa de la bèstia va sortir publicada. Gràcies a Déu, els bons amics del Casal Català de Zuric han replicat i han deixat les coses clares (tantes ambaixades i consultats de Mar i, mira tu, un petit Casal Català és qui s’ha mobilitzat gràcies a la decència i dignitat dels seus membres). Però per què ens hem de mobilitzar cada vegada? Quan acabaran els atacs de les bèsties? Com podem el 2008 aguantar tanta vexació, tanta humiliació i tant menyspreu?


20 de nov. 2018

European Court of Human Rights: judgment on Selahattin Demirtaş M.P.

Press Release dated 20 November 2018  on the ECHR judgment ordering the termination of the pre-trial detention Kurdish leader Selahattin Demirtaş.
Click here if need be

19 de nov. 2018

Article by Oriol Martínez: "Reasons for secession"

This post reproduces an article by Orio Martínez which comments on the opinion of Prof. Allen Buchanan, as regards secession processes in international law in general, and on the case of Catalonia (in a framework where the host nation refuses to negotiate and egages instead in political repression) in particular. (I hope the author and magazine do not object to this transcription of the article).

click here if need be

18 de nov. 2018

Spanish policeman are claimed to engage in illegal night-time activities

This post explains a surprising encounter between Catalan and Spanish policemen. I hope the courts will investigate it thoroughly, because if the details are confirmed, the incident is extremely disturbing.
click here if need be

10 de nov. 2018

Nine reports on the violation of fundamental rights by Spain in its conflict with Catalonia (2017-2019)

This post provides links to nine detailed reports on the violation of fundamental rights and freedoms by Spain in Catalonia, since 2017.

Click here if need be


1
Council of Europe, Parliamentary Assembly
Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights
Should politicians be prosecuted for statements made in the exercise of their mandate?
Introductory memorandum
Rapporteur: Mr Boris Cilevičs
October 1 2019
https://www.ara.cat/2019/10/02/ajdoc35-2019-declassified.pdf

2.
Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (United Nations)
Opinions adopted at the 84th session (24 April-3 May 2019)

No. 6 (SP): https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Detention/Opinions/Session84/A_HRC_WGAD_2019_6.pdf

No. 12 (SP): https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Detention/Opinions/Session84/A_HRC_WGAD_2019_12.pdf

3.
More than 400 academics in the fields of political science, law and other disciplines express their worries that electoral monitors in Spain are being threatened with jail over their role in Catalonia’s independence referendum. December 2018.
(See also http://estudiscatalans.blogspot.com/2017/09/repression-election-board.html and item 5 below)


7.
Síndic de Greuges de Catalunya (Ombudsman of Catalonia).
1st edition: May 2018.
Report: THE VIOLATION OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS ARISING FROM THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE REACTION FOLLOWING OCTOBER 1, AND APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 155 OF THE CONSTITUTION. http://www.sindic.cat/site/unitFiles/5324/Report%20on%20violation%20of%20fundamental%20rights%20and%20freedoms%20arising%20from%20October_1_eng.pdf
8.
600 jurists from Catalonia and abroad endorse a Complaint to the ECHR.
February 2018.
This report is promoted by the Col·lectiu Praga (Praga Group)1. Subscribed by 650 lawyers, the report aims to bring to the attention of the Commissioner of Human Rights of the Council of Europe violations of the 1950 European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR). Such violations of human rights took place in the run-up to the referendum on independence held in Catalonia, on 1 October 2017, on the referendum day itself, and in the aftermath of the referendum.
http://collectiupraga.cat/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Denúncia-CEDH.-26-2-2018-Anglès.pdf

9.
Report on the political situation and the violation of fundamental rights in Catalonia.
March 2017. 



9 de nov. 2018

La querella per la violència de la guàrdia civil a Sant Joan de Vilatorrada (to be translated)

El cas de la violència de la guàrdia civil a Sant Joan de Vilatorrada el 1-O de 2017 durant el referèndum va portar a la denúncia per part de tretze electors. Heus aquí una transcripció de la interlocutòria de l'Audiència provincial de Barcelona (de 26 d'octubre de 2018) sobre el cas.

Click here if need be

7 de nov. 2018

Catalans appeal to the Constitutional Court for protection of rights

Spanish law allows a citizen to appeal to the Constitutional Court if he/she claims protection against a decision of a court that violates his/her fundamental rights. This post comments on recent cases affecting Catalan political and social leaders.
Click here if need be

6 de nov. 2018

Spain's top judge, Lesmes, sends a dying colleague a controversial letter

There was widespread criticism of the patriotic tone (which was taken to refer to his stance on the Catalan process) in a letter sent by Spain's top judge to a colleague on his deathbed. The latter was in charge of one of the most severely criticised investigations into the organisation of the self-determination referendum on October 1 2017, which he started months ahead of the actual poll. (I hope the agency does not object to this translation, by M.S.)
Click here if need be

Joan Queralt, on the letter from Lesmes: "It is more frightening than it seems"

Translation by M.S. of a report on Joan Queralt's opinion about the letter from judge Lesmes: "It is more frightening than it seems".
Click here if need be

2 de nov. 2018

Statement by the Catalan Association for Civil Rights

The Catalan Association for Civil Rights, set up by members of the families of Catalonia's political prisoners, made a statement following the official announcement of the grave charges laid against them in November. Here is an English translation of the text.


https://twitter.com/ACDretsCivils/status/1058454866576764928?s=19

Catalan Association for Civil Rights

November 2, 2018

Statement in relation to the charges laid by public prosecutor's and the State legal office.

The Catalan Association for Civil Rights wants to make it clear that we are faced with a flagrant violation of rights and freedoms that are not appropriate in a democratic state such as the one that Spain claims to be.

Today, the State public prosecutor and the State Legal office have once again shown that, within what they want to pose as a purely legal matter, there is a clear search for revenge and ideological persecution against politicians and activists who only put into practice the unconditional exercise of their fundamental rights. We therefore believe that the positioning of the public prosecution and the State legal office is not only unfair but also based on a false and unfounded premise. The only position that would fit the facts would be for all charges against the defendants be dropped, as they have not committed any crime.

These indictments seek to criminalize the full exercise of democratic rights such as the right to self-determination, the right of peaceful assembly and the right of political dissidence. A State ought to ensure such rights as the only way to resolve political conflicts.

Far from being discouraged, the Catalan Association for Civil Rights, as a joint platform for the victims of tne reprisals and their relatives on charges of rebellion, we remain firm and persistent in denouncing the judicialization of politics, the flagrant violation of rights and freedoms, and the arbitrary use by Spain of its power in the courts.

For all these reasons, we call for the response to this and future scenarios to be always unquenchably peaceful and to be coordinated by the main institutions, parties, organizations and political agents who may feel the duty to defend democracy, freedom and fundamental rigjts.

...ooo000ooo...

https://twitter.com/ACDretsCivils/status/1058454866576764928?s=19

Associació Catalana pels Drets Civils

2 de novembre de 2018

Comunicat en relació a I'acusació de fiscalia I de I'advocacia general de I'Estat.

Des de I'Associació Catalana pels Drets Civils volem tomar a fer evident que estem davant d'una flagrant vulneració de drets i llibertats impròpies d'un estat democràtic com el que pretén ser I'Estat Espanyol.

Avui la fiscalia General de I'Estat i I'Advocacia general de I'estat han tornat a demostrar que dins del que volen fer passar com un assumpte netament legal hi ha una clara recerca de venjança i persecució ideològica cap a politics i activistes que només van dur a la pràctica I'exercici incondicional dels seus drets fonamentals. Per tant entenem que el posicionament del ministeri fiscal i I'advocacia general de I'estat, no només és injust sinó que també es basa en un retat fals i infundat. L'única posició que s'ajusta a la realitat és que es retirin els càrrecs a tots els acusats i acusades, ja que no han comès cap delicte.

Aquests escrits d'acusació pretenen criminalitzar el ple exercici de drets democràtics com són el dret a I'autodeterminació, de manifestació pacífica I dissidència política. Drets que un Estat hauria de garantir com a única via per resoldre conflictes politics.

LIuny de defallir, I'Associació Catalana pels Drets Civils, com a plataforma conjunta dels represaliats I els seus familiars per la causa de rebel·lió, ens mantenim ferms i persistents en la denúncia de la judicialització de la politica, la vulneració flagrant de drets i llibertats, i I'ús arbitrari que I'Estat Espanyol fa del seu poder judicial.

Per tot això, demanem que la resposta a aquest fet i als que vindran sigui sempre insubornablement pacífica i coordinada per part d'institucions, partits, entitats i agents politics rellevants que se sentin amb el deure de defensar la democràcia, la llibertat i els drets fonamentals.

Council for the Republic

Here is an English version (by M.R.) of the instructions to sign up for the Register of the Council for the [Catalan] Republic.
Click here if need be

30 d’oct. 2018

"Can the Catalan ministers be tried without the President going on trial?" by Javer Pérez Royo

This is a translation into English by MS of "Consulta obligada", an article published by prof. Javier Pérez Royo on 27 Oct 2018. I hope he and the newspaper have no objection.
Click here if need be

28 d’oct. 2018

"Prison without a verdict: a pretrial punishment. Is it exceptional?". By four political prisoners

A translation into English (by M.S.) of "Prisión sin sentencia, pena anticipada. ¿Una excepcionalidad?", an article published by four political prisoners from Lledoners gaol: Jordi Sànchez, Joaquim Forn, Jordi Turull and Josep Rull, on 26/10/2018. I hope the authors, their representatives and the newspaper have no objection.
Click here if need be

24 d’oct. 2018

"Joaquim Forn and Pedro Chaparro"

This post includes a translation into English (by MS) of "Joaquim Forn i Pedro Chaparro", an article written by Jofre Llompart in February. It is even more shocking today, given recent events. I hope the author and the newspaper have no objection.
Click here if need be

22 d’oct. 2018

"Judicialization of the independence movement", article by Jordi Matas

This article has been translated by M.S. because of its relevance to the strategies of the pro-independence movement in Cartalonia.
Click here if need be

16 d’oct. 2018

Algunes de les opinions més autoritzades sobre el procés

Un recull d'algunes de les opinions més autoritzades sobre el procés cap a la independència de Catalunya, sobretot respecte de la judicialització del conflicte per part del Gobierno espanyol / Una recopilación de algunas de las opiniones más autorizadas sobre el proceso hacia la independencia de Cataluña, sobre todo respecto de la judicialización del conflicto por parte del Gobierno español.

Click here if need be / Clica debajo de la flecha si hace falta



* 20 DIC 2019
J. A. Martín Pallín, Magistrado emérito del Supremo:
"Lo que no puede entender la cultura parlamentaria, jurídica y judicial europea es que a una presidenta de un Parlamento por celebrar una sesión de votación se la condene a 13 años de cárcel. Se pongan uds como se pongan, no lo entiende nadie". https://t.co/xDl4JnY3fb
https://twitter.com/Juanmi_News/status/1208138826222329859?s=19



* 20 DIC 2019
J. A. Martín Pallín, Magistrado emérito del Supremo:
El juez emérito del Tribunal Supremo José Antonio Martín Pallín ha advertido en declaraciones a La Sexta que la inhabilitación del president Quim Torra, dictada por el Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Catalunya, "está fuera de la legalidad", porque la Junta Electoral Central (JEC) no puede dictar "resoluciones judiciales"... "Han aplicado un artículo en el que se condena a una persona por desobedecer resoluciones judiciales y órdenes de un superior jerárquico; y ni la JEC es un órgano judicial que puede dictar resoluciones judiciales, ni es el superior jerárquico del presidente de una autonomía", ha apuntado."
https://www.elnacional.cat/es/politica/martin-pallin-advierte-la-inhabilitacion-de-torra-esta-fuera-de-la-legalidad_453801_102.html

21 DEC 2019
Luigi Ferrajoli (considerat el pare del garantisme penal)
Respecte de la sedició, la definí com una ‘vergonya, un residu de l’època feixista’. ‘Va ser un judici horrible’, va afegir més tard, després de parlar d’un atac als drets fonamentals de reunió, manifestació i llibertat ideològica, ‘el cor dels drets polítics’. Va assegurar que el judici va ser contra un conflicte identitari i no contra fets que puguin castigar-se penalment.
La sentència, segons Ferrajoli, és ‘insensata i irresponsable’ perquè ‘aboca gasolina al foc’, és un ‘cop greu a la democràcia i a l’estat de dret’. ‘No es pot aplicar el codi penal per a reprimir la dissidència’.
https://www.vilaweb.cat/noticies/luigi-ferrajoli-critica-sentencia-proces-tribunal-suprem/

* NOVEMBER 2019
Paul Engler, co-author, "This is an Uprising: How Nonviolent Revolt is Shaping the Twenty-First Century" (2016).
 "I am in shock over the response of the Spanish authorities. From a strategic point of view it makes no sense. This level of violent repression is crazy..."
https://twitter.com/mstrubell_EN/status/1200841073838436352?s=19

19 November 2019 

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC STATEMENT
"...Amnesty International believes that the crime of sedition and the Supreme Court’s interpretation of it infringes on the principle of legality and further allows the criminalization of actions related to the exercise of the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.
In the cases of Jordi Sànchez and Jordi Cuixart, Amnesty International believes that their conviction for the crime of sedition constitutes an excessive and disproportionate restriction of their rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly. Likewise, Amnesty International is concerned about the conviction for the crime of sedition handed down to the former members of the Govern and Parlament because it is based on a broad interpretation of this offence..."
https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/EUR4113932019ENGLISH.PDF

OCTOBER 2019
52 élus français:
"Le débat politique ne saurait être tranché par la répression, par des atteintes aux droits des personnes, par une forme de délit d'opinion. Comme de nombreuses voix en Espagne et ailleurs, nous en appelons à l'apaisement des tensions et à la fin des mesures arbitraires qui frappent des élus du suffrage universel".
 https://www.lejdd.fr/International/Europe/tribune-52-deputes-francais-protestent-contre-la-repression-des-elus-catalans-en-espagne-3916972

JULY 2019
INTERNATIONAL WATCH - CATALAN CASE REFERENDUM
The incarceration, prosecution and trial of two civil society leaders for the crime of rebellion or sedition before the Supreme Court, for calling for and participating in peaceful demonstrations, violates the rights to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression and has a chilling effect for the rest of the population.



* Consejo de Derechos Humanos
Grupo de Trabajo sobre la Detención Arbitraria

13 JUN 2019

Opinion 6/2019 (Spain) A/HRC/WGAD/2019/6

... el Grupo de Trabajo emite la siguiente opinión:
  • La privación de libertad de Jordi Cuixart, Jordi Sánchez y Oriol Junqueras es arbitraria, por cuanto contraviene los artículos 2, 9 a 11, y 18 a 21 de la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos y los artículos 3, 14, 19, 21, 22 y 25 del Pacto, y se inscribe en las categorías II, III y V.
  • El Grupo de Trabajo pide al Gobierno que adopte las medidas necesarias para remediar la situación de los Sres. Cuixart, Sánchez y Junqueras sin dilación y ponerla en conformidad con las normas internacionales pertinentes, incluidas las dispuestas en la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos y el Pacto.
  • El Grupo de Trabajo considera que, teniendo en cuenta todas las circunstancias del caso, el remedio adecuado sería poner a los Sres. Cuixart, Sánchez y Junqueras inmediatamente en libertad y concederles el derecho efectivo a obtener una indemnización y otros tipos de reparación, de conformidad con el derecho internacional.

10 JUL 2019

Opinion 12/2019 (Spain) A/HRC/WGAD/2019/12

...el Grupo de Trabajo emite la siguiente opinión:
  • La privación de libertad de Joaquín Forn, Josep Rull, Raúl Romeva y Dolores Bassa es arbitraria, por cuanto contraviene los artículos 2, 9 a 11, así como 18 a 21 de la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos y los artículos 2, 14, 19, 21, 22, 25 y 26 del Pacto, y se inscribe en las categorías II, III y V.
  • El Grupo de Trabajo pide al Gobierno que adopte las medidas necesarias para remediar la situación de los Sres. Forn, Rull y Romeva y la Sra. Bassa sin dilación y ponerla en conformidad con las normas internacionales pertinentes, incluidas las dispuestas en la Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos y el Pacto.
  • El Grupo de Trabajo considera que, teniendo en cuenta todas las circunstancias del caso, el remedio adecuado sería poner a los Sres. Forn, Rull y Romeva y la Sra. Bassa inmediatamente en libertad y concederles el derecho efectivo a obtener una indemnización y otros tipos de reparación, de conformidad con el derecho internacional.


* 10 JUN 2019

“No ha habido una fundamentación, una justificación de esa violencia física, insurreccional, exigible para considerar que hay un delito de rebelión. Eso no se probó para nada y así lo vio el tribunal alemán de Schleswig Holstein”. [2/2] <a href="https://t.co/ZHXRDrcHej">pic.twitter.com/ZHXRDrcHej</a></p>&mdash; Superwoman Roja (@superwomanroja) <a href="https://twitter.com/superwomanroja/status/1138118740594298886?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 10, 2019</a></blockquote> <script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script> 

* 4 JUN 2019
.
"Celebrar un referéndum es delito aunque se haya despenalizado" y otras frases de la Fiscalia
 44ttps://www.lavanguardia.com/politica/20190604/462671205067/juicio-proces-fiscalia-informes-frases-golpe-de-estado.html

* APR 2019
Anaïs Franquesa, a member of Irídia
If this concludes with a conviction, whatever it may be, it will be a reason to go to the ECtHR, because if you criminalize protest, you attack fundamental rights (freedom of speech, assembly, demonstration, strike, association, information), which are those that allow the remaining rights to be defended.
http://estudiscatalans.blogspot.com/2019/04/iridia-and-international-trial-watch.html 

23 FEB 2019
Miguel Pasquau, magistrat del Tribunal Superior de Justícia d'Andalusia 
Vaig discrepar de la seva petició de presó provisional, he discrepat del seu abast (vaig entendre que hi havia fórmules assumibles de compatibilitzar-la amb l'activitat parlamentària dels qui tenien la condició de diputats). Discrepo amb rotunditat de l'acusació per rebel·lió, perquè entenc que el procés independentista ve amb una marca d'origen molt clara i explícita, que és la renúncia a la violència, i que no s'ha de veure violència on només hi ha estratègia, astúcies, pressió o determinació. Amb matisos més complicats, però similars, discrepo també de l'acusació per sedició, que sustenta l'Advocacia de l'Estat. https://www.naciodigital.cat/noticia/173579/miguel/pasquau/defenses/poden/guanyar/judici/al/suprem 

* 5 FEB 2019
Pedro Rubira, fiscal Audiencia Nacional): "Creuen vostès que hi pot haver imparcialitat i serenitat si s'envia la rebel·lió i la sedició a Catalunya?"
https://t.co/vJ4HunOiFk https://t.co/hfh6MrCrcH

* 3 DEC 2018 
The International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL) rejects and condemns the repressive action undertaken by the Spanish government against some pro-independence figures in Catalonia. IADL calls for the immediate release of Catalan political prisoners, who have been held in pre-trial detention since October 2017 and demands the revocation of the arrest warrants issued against other personalities, who have at this time been forced into exile. 


* 2 December 2018
MANUEL CANCIO, CATEDRÀTIC DE DRET PENAL DE LA UAM I FIRMANT DEL MANIFEST “LA BANALITZACIÓ DE LA REBEL·LIÓ I LA SEDICIÓ" [enllaç]
  • "...el que ha passat fins ara ja reuneix algunes característiques que obliguen un professor de dret penal espanyol a dir que aquí estan passant coses molt estranyes."
  • "Això no hauria d’estar ni a l’Audiència ni a la sala segona del Suprem".
És d’imaginar que el

el que ha passat fins ara ja reuneix algunes característiques que obliguen un professor de dret penal espanyol a dir que aquí estan passant coses molt estranyes.



* 12 November 2018
https://english.vilaweb.cat/noticies/joaquin-urias-catalan-independence/

Joaquín Urías: "I have the impression that when the public prosecutor saw that there would be no response to what happened in Catalonia, since no crime had been committed, they tried to change the facts to make them appear to be a crime."


* 13 November 2018



* 16 de octubre de 2018
Pascual Sala, expresidente del Tribunal Supremo, del Tribunal Constitucional y del Consejo General del Poder Judicial
"En sentido general pueden haber desórdenes, desobediencia al Tribunal Constitucional, pero un levantamiento público y violento, creo que jurídicamente es difícil, imposible, que pueda existir; también es problemática la sedición".
Sala, que ha defendido la independencia judicial, ha insistido en que el problema catalán es un problema político que de ninguna de las maneras se tiene que resolver por la vía judicial. "Los jueces no están para hacer política".
https://www.elnacional.cat/es/politica/pascual-sala-supremo-rebelion_314607_102.html


* 15 October 2018
Fotis Filippou (Amnesty International Europe Deputy Director):

“There is no justification for keeping Jordi Sànchez and Jordi Cuixart in pre-trial detention and we reiterate our call for their immediate release. Amnesty International believes their continued detention constitutes a disproportionate restriction on their rights to free speech and peaceful assembly. Instead of taking the opportunity to end the detention of Jordi Sànchez and Jordi Cuixart, the judicial authorities have perpetuated this injustice.”

According to the information available to Amnesty, the charges against the two men are unfounded and must therefore be dropped. If it can be shown that they called on demonstrators to prevent police from carrying out a lawful operation, this could constitute a prosecutable public order offence.
https://www.amnesty.org.uk/press-releases/spain-leading-catalan-figures-jordi-sanchez-and-jordi-cuixart-should-be-freed-0


* 15 de octubre de 2018
Elpidio José Silva


"Incoar" causa penal es dictar el 1° acto judicial que INICIA el proceso. Es la LLAVE LEGAL para empezar. Sin esto no hay garantías aseguradas para las defensas. Pablo Llarena, sin llaves, ha derribado las puertas del Derecho.
https://t.co/RrAnTDZXoy


* 15 de octubre de 2018
Joaquín Urías


Esto es un disparate. Un año ya en la cárcel por convocar una manifestación. La idea de una conspiración secreta de ONGs independentistas para montar un alzamiento violento contra el Estado es tan infantil que suena surreal y no se parece a la realidad. Pero los fiscales insisten".
https://t.co/5wUnoj1Jdn
https://twitter.com/jpurias/status/1051811963842584576?s=19


* 13 de octubre de 2018
César Estirado, Fiscal delegado de medioambiente de Madrid.

Mi máxima decepción por la decisión de la Fiscalía de formular acusación por rebelión. Ojala no se imponga finalmente: me parece una acusación sin fundamento legal, profundamente injusta, y vulneradora de derechos fundamentales. Terrible
https://twitter.com/EstiradoCesar/status/1051169078428217345

* 8 de octubre de 2018
Josep Costa:
@boye_g que el professor Pérez Royo se ha perdido (como todos nosotros) el momento en que la legitimidad de toda la organización jurídica-política dejó de basarse en el principio democrático (art 1) y empezó a basarse en la unidad de España (art 2) https://twitter.com/josepcosta/status/1049208763104874497?s=20.


* 3 de septiembre de 2018
Ana Stanic, abogada eslovena y fundadora de E&A Law en Londres

“Una declaración de independencia no es delito en derecho internacional"
El orden jurídico interno, incluidas las disposiciones destinadas a preservar la unidad territorial del estado en general, no puede invocarse para evitar el proceso de consultar la voluntad de un pueblo."

http://diario16.com/una-declaracion-independencia-no-delito-derecho-internacional/


* 27/8/2018
Juez Fernando Presencia

La artimaña de Pablo Llarena, a través de la vía oblicua que supuso la declaración de rebeldía de Carles Puigdemont, Toni Comín, Meritxell Serret, Clara Ponsatí, Lluis Puig, Marta Rovira y Anna Gabriel y el cierre en falso de la instrucción del ‘procés’, constituyó un fraude de ley intentando evitar la influencia que podía tener en la causa catalana un eventual pronunciamiento de la justicia belga sobre laspalabras del magistrado pronunciadas a título particular.
http://diario16.com/pablo-llarena-cerro-falso-la-causa-del-proces-despues-haber-demandado-ante-la-justicia-belga/


* 23/7/2018
Miguel Pasquau, professor de dret civil a la Universitat de Granada i magistrat de la sala civil i penal del Tribunal Superior de Justícia d'Andalusia).
"Una part no insignificant de juristes, també de fora de l'àmbit independentista, han defensat que aquí no hi ha un alçament violent i que els actes de violència anecdòtics no serien imputables a uns líders que insistentment han demanat comportaments pacífics. Un no se n'ha d'anar a Alemanya per posar en dubte la rebel·lió." https://www.elnacional.cat/ca/politica/entrevista-miguel-pasquau-cas-1o_289932_102.html

MAY 23 2018
The Alsasua and Catalonia cases are raising a lot of questions about the Spanish justice system,” says Lydia Vicente, a human rights lawyer with Rights International Spain.
https://www.ft.com/content/468e8138-539d-11e8-b24e-cad6aa67e23e


 * 18 MAY 2018
Gemma Geis:
El prof. @JoanQueralt afirma que estem en una situació "Estat d'excepció jurídic" on la "unitat d'Espanya és el bé superior a preservar". I on vivim "el dret penal de l'enemic".
https://twitter.com/GemmaGeis/status/997442241827409920?s=20


* 7/5/2018
Elpidio José Silva:


En el Procés no se cometió ni rebelión ni sedición. Lo clamoroso es que se prolongue el encarcelamiento de personas inocentes, por el mero hecho de que su ideología sea independentista.
https://twitter.com/elpidiojsilva/status/993575343251447815


* 2/5/2018
 Joaquín Jiménez, magistrat emèrit de la Sala Segona del Tribunal Suprem:

"No hi veig risc de reiteració delictiva. Els empresonats haurien d’estar en llibertat provisional
"No hi ha rebel·lió. Per posar-ne un exemple: no ha estat un 23-F
"No hi ha cap paral·lelisme entre els CDRs i la kale borroka’. Dir això és tremendisme punitiu".
https://www.rac1.cat/programes/versio/20180502/443191214951/joaquin-jimenez-ex-jutge-del-suprem-els-presos-haurien-destar-en-llibertat.html


* 28/3/2018
"Rebelión y Estado de derecho". Diego López Garrido:

"El delito de rebelión, por razones obvias, se ha convertido en una cuestión central, jurídica y políticamente, de la actual coyuntura del  procés. Mi opinión al respecto se resume en dos consideraciones. Primera: no creo que se pueda acusar de haber cometido ese delito (artículo 472 del Código Penal) a los líderes independentistas procesados. Al menos desde la perspectiva  del legislador del Código de 1995, entre los que me encontraba. Tuve la oportunidad  de proponer en el debate la enmienda transaccional por la que se incluyó en el precepto citado el término «violenta» para calificar la acción rebelde que tenga como finalidad, entre otras, la declaración de independencia de una parte del territorio español.

Como señalé entonces, «alzarse públicamente es desobedecer y resistir, enfrentarse violentamente al poder legítimamente constituido… Ese es el límite de la acción política». Sin violencia no hay delito de rebelión. Así fue la voluntas legislatoris..."
https://www.elperiodico.com/es/opinion/20180328/rebelion-y-estado-de-derecho-6722425




* 6/2/2018
Amnistia internacional: "Los cargos de sedición y rebelión que pesan contra Sànchez y Cuixart, según la información de que dispone Amnistía Internacional, son injustificados y, por tanto, deben retirarse"
https://www.es.amnesty.org/en-que-estamos/noticias/noticia/articulo/espana-la-prolongacion-de-la-prision-provisional-de-jordi-sanchez-es-excesiva-y-desproporció/ 


* 5/2/2018
Juezas y Jueces para la Democracia: Comunicado sobre las injerencias políticas en el Poder Judicial y en el Tribunal Constitucional.
"...Nuevamente, las inopinadas declaraciones del Ministro de Justicia en relación a la investigación que se sigue en el Tribunal Supremo, el denominado “procés”, son poco respetuosas con la separación de poderes y la independencia judicial. El Sr. Català pronostica con total seguridad el futuro procesal de los investigados y anticipa sin ningún rubor las fechas y el contenido de las resoluciones judiciales, hasta el punto de afirmar que la sentencia se dictaría antes del mes de diciembre del presente año.
Junto a estas manifestaciones desafortunadas, informaciones publicadas en un periódico de ámbito nacional y no desmentidas dan cuenta de los contactos de miembros del Gobierno, empezando por su Presidente, a magistrados del Tribunal Constitucional previos a la deliberación sobre la admisión a trámite del recurso interpuesto por el propio Gobierno contra la resolución del Presidente del Parlamento de Cataluña. Debemos de recordar que el Tribunal Constitucional es el intérprete supremo de la Constitución y que sus magistrados son independientes e inamovibles en el ejercicio de su mandato, de forma idéntica a los miembros del Poder Judicial. Es por ello, que tales contactos son inadmisibles en un Estado de Derecho y no tienen otro objetivo que tratar de influir en el sentido de la resolución a dictar por el Alto Tribunal.
Estas injerencias, no conviene olvidarlo, socavan la confianza de los ciudadanía en los Tribunales de Justicia así como en el Tribunal Constitucional y lastran la credibilidad de actividad diaria de magistrados y magistradas en el ejercicio de su función..."

http://www.juecesdemocracia.es/2018/02/05/comunicado-las-injerencias-politicas-poder-judicial-tribunal-constitucional/


* 5/2/2018
Rachel Lindon: "Parlar de decapitar l'independentisme viola la presumpció d'innocència".
http://www.ccma.cat/catradio/alacarta/el-mati-de-catalunya-radio/lindon-que-una-vicepresidenta-parli-de-decapitar-lindependentisme-viola-la-presumpcio-dinnocencia/audio/990708/


 * 5/2/2018
Joaquín Jiménez, exjutge del Suprem: “Els presos haurien d’estar en llibertat” Preguntat per la separació de poders, el magistrat jubilat del TS alerta que “no s’ha de ser escolanet de la política circumstancial del moment”
https://www.rac1.cat/programes/versio/20180502/443191214951/joaquin-jimenez-ex-jutge-del-suprem-els-presos-haurien-destar-en-llibertat.html


* 3/2/2018
Carmen Tomás y Valiente: "En Cataluña no hubo rebelión, porque no ha existido violencia".
http://amp.diariodemallorca.es/mallorca/2018/02/03/tomas-valiente-cataluna-no-rebelion/1284651.html


* 3/2/2018
Joaquín Urías: La ideología de los presos catalanes. Lo que mantiene a Forn en prisión, según declara expresamente el Tribunal Supremo, es su ideología. Si eso no es un preso de conciencia, se le parece muchísimo.
http://m.eldiario.es/tribunaabierta/ideologia-presos-catalanes_6_736386360.html


* 30/1/2018
Rafael Ribó: La interlocutòria del Tribunal Constitucional exigeix una condició al candidat a la presidència de la Generalitat desconeguda en l’ordenament jurídic vigent i que vulnera els seus drets com a diputat i és contrària a la jurisprudència del TEDH.
http://www.sindic.cat/ca/page.asp?id=53&amp;ui=4993


* 29/1/2018
Joan Queralt: "El Tribunal Constitucional acorda coses que ningú ha demanat, sense base legal i limitant drets."
http://www.ccma.cat/catradio/alacarta/els-juristes-valoren-la-decisio-del-tc-sobre-puigdemont/j-queralt-el-constitucional-acorda-coses-que-ningu-ha-demanat-sense-base-legal-i-limitant-drets/coleccio/11170/989917/


* 28/1/2018
Juan Moreno Yagüe, abogado y diputado por Podemos en el Parlamento de Andalucía: "La propaganda no es fuente del derecho. Lo que está sucediendo en Cataluña es un fraude de Constitución que, me temo, será amparado por el Tribunal Constitucional".
"Que sepamos, la Ley dice que no se puede detener a un Diputado del Parlamento de Cataluña. Lo establece el artículo 57 de El Estatuto de Autonomía de Cataluña, Ley Orgánica 6/2006 aprobada por las Cortes Generales."
"No puede privarse de su libertad a un Diputado sino mediante sentencia firme de condena a prisión, y precisamente porque lo más probable es que en ese caso pierda a su vez la condición de diputado. Segunda afirmación jurídicamente cuestionable de la nota de la FGE."
"Eso ha llevado a la FGE y a los Tribunales a una interpretación, esta sí efectivamente inadmisible, a juicio de quien suscribe, de las normas Constitucionales."


* 25/1/2018
Javier Pérez Royo, catedrático de Derecho Constitucional, Universidad Sevilla: "Fraude de Constitución. El derecho de sufragio no puede entrar en conflicto con ningún otro derecho." ...
"El derecho de sufragio no se puede privar a nadie salvo sentencia judicial firme. La argumentación de carecía de toda fundamentación jurídica. Un fraude de constitución"
https://www.ara.cat/es/opinion/Fraude-Constitucion_0_1949205292.html


* 25/1/2018
Javier Pérez Royo, catedrático de Derecho Constitucional, Universidad Sevilla:  "... el Gobierno, a pesar de que el Consejo de Estado, y el “sentido común, dicen con claridad que no cabe la impugnación, pretende tramitarla con base en el artículo 161.2 CE para evitar el debate. A través de un privilegio procesal que juega a favor del Estado en caso de conflicto entre el Estado y una Comunidad Autónoma, intenta conseguir el efecto sustantivo de la suspensión del acto no susceptible de recurso. Es un caso de fraude de Constitución de libro. El Tribunal Constitucional sabrá lo que hace."
https://www.eldiario.es/zonacritica/Tribunal-Constitucional-sabra-hace_6_733586663.html


* 30/12/2017
José Antonio Martín Pallín: “Impedir la investidura de Puigdemont sería incompatible con la Constitución”.
El magistrado emérito, uno de los mejores juristas de su generación, rechaza las calificaciones del fiscal, aceptadas por la Audiencia Nacional y el Tribunal Supremo. “Es una equivocación total porque no hay visos de delitos de rebelión, ni de sedición, ni siquiera de malversación...”, por lo que “para la prisión preventiva no concurre ninguno de los requisitos”.
https://www.elnacional.cat/es/politica/investidura-puigdemont-pallin_225453_102.html


* 19/12/2017
Personalitats de tot el món de s’han mobilitzat a favor del dret de autodeterminació de Catalunya. En el text els signants declaren estar en contra del "nacionalisme" espanyol i a favor de la llibertat de premsa.
http://www.cataladigital.cat/2017/12/19/personalitats-internacionals-signen-un-manifest-a-favor-del-dret-de-autodeterminacio-catalana-i-en-contra-de/


* 18/12/2017
Ramon Palacio: “A Catalunya s’han produït clarament vulneracions dels drets humans”.
https://elcugatenc.cat/drets/ramon-palacio-sindic-greuges-catalunya-vulnerat-drets-humans


* 12/12/2017
Un colectivo de juristas denuncia que la aplicación del 155 es inconstitucional.
Concluyen que el artículo de la Constitución no permite el cese “discrecional” del Govern ni faculta a Rajoy para disolver el Parlament.
http://www.lavanguardia.com/politica/20171212/433593414519/grupo-juristas-denuncia-aplicacion-155-inconstitucional.html


9 de noviembre de 2017
Legalidad penal y proceso independentista
"Los abajo firmantes, más de 100 profesores de Derecho Penal de las Universidades españolas se entienden obligados a manifestar su experta opinión ante toda una serie de calificaciones jurídicas que llevadas a cabo por la Fiscalía General del Estado y la titular del Juzgado Central de Instrucción núm. 3 de la Audiencia Nacional, han originado ..."
https://m.eldiario.es/tribunaabierta/Legalidad-penal-proceso-independentista_6_706289383.html


* 27/10/2017
El redactor del delito de rebelión niega que se pueda aplicar a Puigdemont. El exparlamentario Diego López Garrido redactó el delito de rebelión en el Código Penal de 1995 e incluyó una enmienda explícita para que la rebelión hubiera de ser "violenta". López Garrido asegura que no hay encaje penal por rebelión contra los cargos del Govern al no haber habido violencia
http://cadenaser.com/ser/2017/10/27/tribunales/1509126971_801763.html 


* 22/10/2017
Joaquín Urías: Una aplicación inconstitucional del artículo 155. Da la impresión de que el Presidente Rajoy ha tomado la posibilidad excepcional del artículo 155 por lo que no es: una carta blanca para usurpar las competencias de cualquier comunidad autónoma con la que discrepe.
http://m.eldiario.es/tribunaabierta/aplicacion-inconstitucional-articulo_6_699990004.html


* 18/10/2017
Xavier O'Callaghan: Un exmagistrado del Supremo dice que es «impropio de un país civilizado» encarcelar «oponentes políticos». Xavier O'Callaghan cree que un delito de sedición es «impensable» en el caso de Cuixart y Sànchez.
http://www.diarimes.com/es/noticias/actualidad/cataluna/2017/10/18/un_exmagistrado_del_supremo_dice_que_impropio_pais_civilizado_encarcelar_oponentes_politicos_26462_3029.html


* 3/10/2017
Craig Murray, former British Ambassador: "Remember, the right to self-determination is alienable. Once you have acknowledged the existence of different nationalities, the Spanish Constitutional Court cannot legitimately deny their right to self-determination".
https://www.craigmurray.org.uk/archives/2017/10/obliged-reconsider-support-european-union/


* 29/9/2017
Alfred de Zayas, experto de Naciones Unidas sobre derechos humanos, reclama un referéndum en Cataluña pactado entre los gobiernos central y catalán". Al impedir que los ciudadanos catalanes expresen su opinión, se están vulnerando muchos artículos del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos (PIDCP)
http://www.eldiario.es/catalunya/Alfred-Zayas-independiente-ONU-Bruselas_0_691881045.html


* 17/9/2017
José Manuel Maza: Maza, a favor de recuperar el delito de sedición impropia, suprimido del Código Penal en 1995. El fiscal general del Estado, José Manuel Maza, estaría a favor de recuperar el delito de sedición impropia, suprimido en el Código Penal de 1995 -actualmente vigente-, para hacer frente a situaciones como la actual en Cataluña.
https://confilegal.com/20170917-maza-favor-recuperar-delito-sedicion-impropia-suprimido-del-codigo-penal-1995/

que l'any 2013, en una visita a Andorra , el secretari general de l'ONU situava el procés català, com l'escocès, sota l'empara del dret a l'autodeterminació de les nacions. En aquells ocasió, Ban Ki-moon, de visita a Andorra amb motiu del vintè aniversari de l'ingrés de l'Estat andorrà a les Nacions Unides, va situar els processos escocès i català en el marc “dels drets humans i de la dignitat de les persones” que l'ONU respecta i promou “arreu del món”.
Ban Ki-moon, de visita a Andorra amb motiu del vintè aniversari de l'ingrés de l'Estat andorrà a les Nacions Unides, va situar els processos escocès i català en el marc “dels drets humans i de la dignitat de les persones” que l'ONU respecta i promou “arreu del món”.
l'any 2013, en una visita a Andorra , el secretari general de l'ONU situava el procés català, com l'escocès, sota l'empara del dret a l'autodeterminació de les nacions. En aquells ocasió, Ban Ki-moon, de visita a Andorra amb motiu del vintè aniversari de l'ingrés de l'Estat andorrà a les Nacions Unides, va situar els processos escocès i català en el marc “dels drets humans i de la dignitat de les persones” que l'ONU respecta i promou “arreu del món”.
que l'any 2013, en una visita a Andorra , el secretari general de l'ONU situava el procés català, com l'escocès, sota l'empara del dret a l'autodeterminació de les nacions. En aquells ocasió, Ban Ki-moon, de visita a Andorra amb motiu del vintè aniversari de l'ingrés de l'Estat andorrà a les Nacions Unides, va situar els processos escocès i català en el marc “dels drets humans i de la dignitat de les persones” que l'ONU respecta i promou “arreu del món”.
Ban Ki-Moon (2013) I 2015
http://www.elpuntavui.cat/politica/article/910493-ban-ki-moon-considera-ara-que-catalunya-no-esta-entre-els-territoris-lamb-dret-a-lautodeterminacior.html?vermobil=1


...ooo000ooo...

* 22/10/2012
Jorge Llarena: "Lo que no se puede pretender es que toda la cuestión relativa a atribuir un espacio significativo a la individualidad catalana y toda esta cuestión relativa a la integración de Cataluña en España se vaya a resolver judicialmente, porque no tiene que ser así".
http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2012/10/21/barcelona/1350843156.html


2008
Adolfo Prego, en 2008 magistrado del Supremo y vocal del Consejo General del Poder Judicial (CGPJ), advirtió al Partido Popular (PP) del peligro que suponía  para la unidad de España la supresión del Código Penal de 1995 del artículo 214, que había venido figurando desde el siglo XIX, y que castigaba con penas de prisión de 6 a 12 años la proclamación de la independencia de un territorio de España sin necesidad de que hubiera violencia, tipificándolo como un delito de sedición impropia.
https://gaceta.es/espana/2008-magistrado-del-supremo-advirtio-al-pp-del-peligro-suprimir-del-articulo-la-secesion-20170918-1716/

I

"Nadie cometería ningún crimen si oficialmente proclamara en el Boletín Oficial de una Comunidad Autónoma su independencia y separación de España.”
“En la España de hoy en la que conducir a excesiva velocidad puede ser un delito no lo es que un Parlamento autonómico declare la secesión o independencia de su territorio."

https://diario16.com/adolfo-prego-ex-magistrado-del-supremo-la-espan%cc%83a-hoy-no-delito-parlamento-autonomico-declare-la-secesion-independencia-territorio/