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11 d’oct. 2017

reformaconstitució


21 September 2017

Rajoy: “La prioridad no es reformar la Constitución sino defenderla de los que quieren liquidarla”

El presidente del Gobierno defiende posponer el debate hasta superar el embate independentista

https://politica.elpais.com/politica/2017/09/13/actualidad/1505286175_002207.html


tusk



A good step indeed @aaltafaj, though he should appeal to the Prime Minister who has ignored the Catalan people's claims since 2010, and has done nothing to restore Catalonia to the constitutional framework after the Constitutuional Court's controversial decision, let alone sit down and negotiate.

He should not appeal to presdietn Puigdemont but directly to the millions -an unheard-of majority- of Catalan voters who gave our Parliament the mandate to declare independence, after a deeply harrowing experience on October 1st - at the hands of the pitiless Spanish authorities - that he cannot even begin to imagine. The images are there. In their hundreds.

But in the meantime, @eucopresident, what was the very first thing Spain did thereafter? Appease?

Well, no. The Spanish Civil Guard have once again blocked the website of a pro-independence organisation www.assemblea.cat. See for yourself. They did so, alongside 140 other organisation websites (virtually all private), in the run-up to the October 1 referendum (which, incidentally, no law says is illegal, despite the constant repetition of this word by the Spanish government since early in 2014 as if their legislation had not been repealed over 10 years ago).

It is a perfectly legal civil society organisation advocating independence by democratic and peaceful means. On every occasion, including September 20 concentrations outside Catalan ministries, it has preached the essential need for non-violence. Alongside Omnium Cultural and other smaller organisations, this

Its minutes are freely available. Spanish PP and PSOE MEPs blocked a proposal in the European Parliament that it be awarded a European Citizens' Prize for its outstanding contribution to European democratic values that noone outside Spanish polítics can deny.

It is anathema to Spain. Spanish MEPs tried to get it struck off the EP/EC Transparency Register.

It has been the object of scathing attacks in the Spanish nationalist press since at least early 2014. ABC was talking about "sedition" in September 2013, when the Catalan leadership had a mandate to hold a poll, binding or otherwise, on the political future. and soon was to call for the ANC to be outlawed, in an editorial in its Sevilla Edition (14 March 2014).


Political trials and fines (some fines are in the form of crippling deposits, prior to any decision or appeal) are underway for hundred upon hundred elected politicians, government officials, even private citizens and dozens of civil society for their tweets or manifestoes.

By the way, who is telling Spain to send the 10,000 armed police and the several warships back home? This whole affair is a totally, utterly, profoundly peaceful democratic movement.

This is a political issue that the Spanish government has, since June 2010, stubbornly refused to broach politically.




legalidad


Constitución Española 1978
https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-1978-31229

Artículo 152.
... 2. Una vez sancionados y promulgados los respectivos Estatutos, solamente podrán ser modificados mediante los procedimientos en ellos establecidos y con referéndum entre los electores inscritos en los censos correspondientes.


Ley Orgánica 4/1979, de 18 de diciembre, de Estatuto de Autonomía de Cataluña.
https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-1979-30178

Artículo 56
3. La aprobación de la reforma por las Cortes Generales mediante Ley Orgánica incluirá la autorización del Estado para que la Generalidad convoque el referéndum a que se refiere el párrafo b) del apartado 1 de este artículo.


Ley Orgánica 6/2006, de 19 de julio, de reforma del Estatuto de Autonomía de Cataluña.
https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-2006-13087

Artículo 223.
1. La reforma [del Estatuto] debe ajustarse al siguiente procedimiento:
a) La iniciativa de reforma corresponde al Parlamento, al Gobierno de la Generalitat y a las Cortes Generales. Los Ayuntamientos y los titulares del derecho de voto al Parlamento pueden proponer al Parlamento que ejerza la iniciativa de reforma en los términos establecidos por el artículo 222.1.a).


Sentencia 31/2010, de 28 de junio de 2010. Recurso de inconstitucionalidad 8045-2006. Interpuesto por noventa y nueve Diputados del Grupo Parlamentario Popular del Congreso en relación con diversos preceptos de la Ley Orgánica 6/2006, de 19 de julio, de reforma del Estatuto de Autonomía de Cataluña
https://boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2010-11409

La reforma de l'Estatut d'Autonomia de Catalunya de 2006 per part del Tribunal Constitucional -la modificació del seu text- el 2010...

(a) No s'ha fet d'acord amb l'article 223 del mateix Estatut de 2006, que va entrar en vigor a partir del 09/08/2006.
(b) No s'ha fet d'acord amb l'article 152 de la Constitució.
(c) No s'ha ratificat per referèndum.

Per tant, Catalunya té, des del 28 de juny de 2010, un marc estatutari contrari a la Constitució espanyola. Per l'acció -insòlita: és el primer cop que un Estatut és recorregut davant el TC- de les institucions de l'Estat.

Tornem a la legalitat, votant en referèndum aquest Estatut d'Autonomia de Catalunya de 2010, a favor o en contra?







Numbers


Referendum on 2006 Statute of Autonomy
http://www.congreso.es/consti/elecciones/referendos/ref_cata_2006.htm
Yes vote: 1.899.897
Census: 5.310.103
Votes counted: 2.594.167

27 Setembre de 2015

https://www.parlament.cat/document/composicio/150360.pdf
JUNTS PEL SÍ     1.628.714   39,59   62
CIUTADANS         736.364   17,90   25
PARTIT DELS SOCIALISTES DE CATALUNYA  523.283  12,72  16
CATALUNYA SÍ QUE ES POT   367.613   8,94  11
PARTIT POPULAR    349.193   8,49   11
CUP-CRIDA CONSTITUENT  337.794  8,21 10

7 d’oct. 2017

Defeats

Even as I translated this - at times almost poetic - reflection on what happened last Sunday, my eyes watered several times. Noone, and certainly not me, can describe better the intense, unique combination of feelings that rushed, flowed, hammered through millions of Catalans that day, October 1st, the day of Catalonia's Referendum Self-determination that the Spanish government did all in its power to prevent taking place. David Fernàndez's analysis is, to my mind, brilliant; otherwise I wouldn't have translated and posted it.

**** To read the post click on "Més informació below ****

6 d’oct. 2017

Three Metaphors on Catalonia

In this post I answer three of the main questions related to the Catalan independence process, particularly in the more recent phase. I do so using metaphors -and even a fable - which even the most uninformed (or misinformed) reader will understand.

***** To read the post, click on "Més informació" below *****

4 d’oct. 2017

Proportionality

I never thought I would be faced in Western Europe with blocked websites of NGOs I belong to, advice on secure browsers and new encrypted social networks, friends having police confiscate things from their cars, other friends being threatened with "sedition" charges, 

Rule of Law


  • The rule of law is sacred to the Catalans and her government. But note that a majority in the Spanish parliament has deliberately amended laws to strengthen powers to be able to repress Catalan officials. A good exemple is the Organic Law on the Constitutional Court, which in 2015 was given special executive powers to ensure the implementation of its instructions. It can now (article 92) impose daily fines of €3,000 to €30,000 on officials or lay citizens, or suspend them in their duties, for not complying with its orders. The Venice Commission was critical of suich  changes... but such measures have been implemented against Catalans.
  • It is unheard of that a parliamentary Speaker (and membres of the Bureau) can face severe penalties for allowing a debate, and that a constitutional court can ban a debate.
  • It is unheard of that a constitutional court can actually ban a plenary session of a Parliament.
  • What law can possibly prevent a democratic parliamentary majority from legislating to put a question to its citizens? Naturally, the implementation of the majority opinion expressed at the ballot box may or not require legal changes. It may or not be in accordance with the existing constitutional framework.
  • The international covenants the State subscribes to form part of the legal framework, according to the constitution itself. And both the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in article 1 para 1 are perfectly clear: "All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development." All peoples. Not just colonies. All peoples. 
  • The rule of law states that a Statute of Autonomy has to be ratified by the people in a referendum. Well, the governing party in Spain got the Constitutional court to study every nook and cranny for unconstitutional paragraphs, sentences, clauses, even individual words. The court duly amended the Statute of Autonomy in 2010. But the resultin text has not been put to the people... as laid down in the Constitution.
  • The rule of law ensures freedom of expression, yet Spain prosecutes local councillors for saying that to make an omelette you have to break the egg; the autors of a manifesto inviting Catalan football supporters at the 2015 Cup Final to do what they have been doing for years since at least 2009: to boo the National Anthem, in response to Spain's treatment of the Catalans.

3 d’oct. 2017

Hernando

Mai no he vist una sèrie tan llarga de mentides i calúmnies. Afortunadament la premsa internacional, massivament, i els observadors internacionals, massivament, i les juntes electorals poden acreditar la falsedat de les seves afirmacions, allunyades de la realitat, i segurament dirigides a mantenir un clima d'enfrontament entre espanyols i catalans que, a Catalunya no ha tingut més eco que uns nacionalistes espanyols esforçant-se a arrencar de la plaça de Sant Jaume una gran pancarta a favor de... la democràcia.

***** Click on "Més informació" to read a longer English text *****
***** Clica a "Més informació" per llegir el text en català, i les piulades *****

2 d’oct. 2017

Reply to the Taoiseach

***** Click underneath on "Més informació" for my reply *****

I AM A EUROPEAN CITIZEN

As a European Citizen, I am ashast, ashamed, scandalised at the Commission's position.

                       ***** Click underneath on "Més informació" for my reply *****

Spanish Police Brutality

Years ago we would have just read a dry written report: "People attack people", "Police break down door".

Now though things have changed.


***** To read the rest and see all the videos, click on "Més informació" below *****