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18 de set. 2016

The history of Spain, from the earliest ages of which we have any authentic records, to the return of Ferdinand VII in 1814.

By Frances Thurtle (1890)

Book 5, p. 355
The emperor, who had rejected these overtures for a general peace; and Philip, who had refused to sign the treaty from the absurd wish of erecting a principality for the princess Ursino, were, at length, willing to contribute to a general pacification, and of the 6th of March, A.D. 1714, the former consented to sign the Treaty of Rastadt, and the latter, much about the same time, agreed to ratify the articles of the treaty of Utrecht.

The situation of Philip was, however, by no mean tranquil. The Catalans, who had revolted, being menaced with the justice of the sword, became desperate. Had Philip, in whose composition of clemency had hitherto appeared as a principal ingredient, held out the olive branch, upon the departure of the Imperialists, there is no doubt but Barcelona would have capitulated. The injudicious threats of the court of Madrid, provoked the inhabitants to madness. France now being freed from all apprehensions respecting her own territories, sent the duke of Berwick, with fifty battalions of French infantry to Philip, and with these, and twenty regiments of Spanish foot, and fifty-one squadrons of horse, he marched to Barcelona. He had eighty-seven pieces of heavy cannon, fifteen hundred thousand weight of powder, with every other requisite for carrying on a siege, while a French and Spanish fleet cut off all communication with the town by sea. The inhabitants were not, however, to be intimidated, but bravely defended themselves, and the duke of Berwick, having lost a thousand men in one assault, resolved on making no further attempts of the kind, until he laid the place to thoroughly open that his soldiers might enter it in line. This arduous task he accomplished with great difficulty;
(p. 356)
but before he ordered a general assault, he summoned the town to surrender. The citizens, however, who foresaw in this surrender, the annihilation of their liberties, through despair hoisted the flag of defiance, and that too at the very time when seven breaches were made in the walls of their dear Barcelona! Ther monks, actuated by the spirit of independence, rushed foremost to repulse the enemy; every individual appeared bent on death or victory, till being driven from most of their works, and even from street to street; and after contending from daybreak till three in the afternoon, they demanded a parley. But the hour of grace was now gone by, and they could only obtain the preservation of their lives with the promise that the town should not be plundered; these were all the concessions that were granted them; and thus their new built fabric of a free constitution vanished like the early dews!

The Catalans were disarmed, stripped of all their ancient privileges, and a strong garrison has ever since been stationed in the town to overawe the inhabitants. ... 

A History of the Campaigns of the British Forces in Spain and Portugal: Undertaken to Relieve Those Countries from the French Usurpation, Volume 1. T. Goddard, 1812. 

Book 1, chapter 2: 

Catalonia. ... 

Lamperudan. This is the beautiful country called the Lamperudan, injured only by the inundations of the waters which contribute to its beauty.

Figueras presents a distinct view of the Pyrenees; the minor hills which branch from them form a distant circuit round the fortress, and descend to the sea at Cape de Palamos. (p. 246)

Arragon: "Nos que valemos tanto como vos, os hacemos nuestro rey y senor, con tal que guardeis nuestros fueros y libertades; si no, no". (p. 248)


See also extracts from 

The History of England. Rev. N. Tindal. 1745 http://estudiscatalans.blogspot.com/2016/09/england.html 

Report to the Committee of Secrecy with Papers concerning the Catalans. R. Walpole. 1715. http://estudiscatalans.blogspot.com/2016/09/history_6.html

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